• L'arbre. L'arbre i l'home. A dalt de l'arbre, 1975. Courtesy of MACBA, Barcelona
    L'arbre. L'arbre i l'home. A dalt de l'arbre, 1975. Courtesy of MACBA, Barcelona
19 February 2022–1 May 2022

Fina Miralles – I Am All the Selves that I Have Been

Marabouparken konsthall and Index – The Swedish Contemporary Art Foundation are proud to present Catalan artist Fina Miralles’ first major exhibition in Sweden, produced by, and first shown at MACBA (Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona) and curated by Teresa Grandas. The exhibition will be presented at the two venues at the same time in collaboration, and share the opening date, 19 February 2022.

Relacions. Relació del cos amb elements naturals. El cos cobert de palla, 1975. Courtesy of MACBA, Barcelona

Fina Miralles (Sabadell, 1950) work arose during the 1970s in the context of the Franco dictatorship. A hostile and limiting environment in which censorship, determined by the power of the Catholic Church and sponsored by the regime, controlled all forms of expression for so-called moral reasons. Miralles broke with the academicism taught in art schools and with the established behavioral norms of that time. Art history has tried to ascribe Miralles’ production to Conceptual, Land or Feminist art, without being able to attend to the breadth and complexity of her ideas and practice, which constantly challenges the limits of those labels.  It is because of this, perhaps, that her work is so little known internationally, something this project seeks to re-address by journeying through her body of work.

In 1974, Miralles presented the exhibition Imágenes del zoo (Images of the Zoo) in Barcelona’s Sala Vinçon, an exhibition space within a store specializing in designer products. Presenting it as a visit to a zoo made it more obvious that the exhibition was being held in an unusual context, although it should be remembered that the absence of cultural institutional spaces at that time frequently forced artists to exhibit in alternative spaces outside the field of art. The exhibition became a visit to, not the local zoo, but a zoo created by the artist in a cultural space. It consisted of a series of caged animals, one of which was Miralles herself. In the exhibition she made use of themes such as: dislocation, critique of authority and a focus on the differences between the natural and artificial to confront the visitors with the artist, the woman, the individual as an object to be exhibited and contemplated – as a work of art. This is but one small example of the richness of readings raised by the extraordinary work of this artist.

Imatges del zoo, 1974. Courtesy of MACBA, Barcelona

The exhibition I Am All the Selves that I Have Been is presented as a journey that delves into some of the crucial issues addressed by Miralles: the transversal relationship with nature in her work; the language with which we communicate and express ourselves; artistic expressions and the way they overlap in the presentation of an idea, whether through actions, performances, photographs, paintings or videos; power relations and the ubiquitous imposition of power on our lives, especially under a dictatorship; the historical, political and social background that determines and conditions our lives and work; the status of women as, at that time, subject to male authority and restricted by specific laws largely aimed at maintaining moral codes of behavior and the objective of nuclear family life; or the constant duality in her work between nature and artifice, reality and appearance, to give but a few examples. The works presented here break the limits of artistic conventions: the monochrome landscape, painting as gesture, the artist herself as an artistic object, in a body of work in which the process is more significant than the formal result. Miralles demystifies the work of art as a contemplative and untouchable, univocal object while confronting us with our own condition as individuals in nature.

Translacions. Elements naturals en un espai no natural. Llit arbre, 1974. Courtesy of Museu d’art de Sabadell. Ajuntament de Sabadell. ©Roberto Ruiz

Beyond making the work of this important artist known, which is surprisingly absent from the art books of the seventies or the magazines and publications that have reflected on the most radical artistic practices, this exhibition also sets out to restore her place in art history. The exhibition is accompanied by a publication published by MACBA, with critical texts about her work and a compilation of images.

Fina Miralles
1950, Sabadell, Spanien

Fina Miralles studied Fine Arts at the University of  Barcelona. She then spent time in South America, France and Italy, before settling in Cadaqués, in Catalonia, in 1999. Her first actions, at the beginning of the seventies, placed her among a group of Catalan Conceptual artists concerned with nature, involving elements such as trees, earth, water and the artist’s own body. With great simplicity and forcefulness, they emphasise the dialogue between nature and artifice, while displaying a social and political critique in the context of the end of the Franco era, touching on themes of totalitarianism, patriarchy and violence. At that time, she participated in the founding and management of emblematic spaces of contemporary art such as the Sala Vinçon, Barcelona, Sala Tres, Sabadell, and Espai 13 at the Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona. In the eighties, as a result of her travels, her pictorial and graphic work was characterized by a search for spirituality, with lyrical gestures and a restrained simplicity. After the Millennium, she returned to action and performance art as a dialogue with the land, sea and the rhythms of nature. In recent years, she has published some of her poetry.

Her early solo exhibitions include those at Sala Vinçon (1973, 1974), Museu de Mataró (1976) and Galeria G, Barcelona (1977). In later years she has exhibited at Museu de Sabadell (2001) and created several interventions for the Trobada Internacional de Poesia d’Acció i Performance, La Muga Caula (Alt Empordà) (2012), the Nadala (Christmas installation) at the Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona (2014), and Museo Arqueológico Nacional, Madrid (2016). She is represented in the collections of the Museu d’Art de Sabadell, Museo Reina Sofía, Madrid and MACBA, Barcelona.

Fina Miralles, installationsfoto: Jean-Baptiste Béranger.
Fina Miralles, installationsfoto: Jean-Baptiste Béranger.
Fina Miralles, Matances. Tres esquemes de mort artificial (1977), installationsfoto: Jean-Baptiste Béranger.
Fina Miralles, Paisatge. Mar, installationsfoto: Jean-Baptiste Béranger.
Fina Miralles, Translació d'arena de la platja a un camp de conreu, foto: Jean-Baptiste Béranger.
Fina Miralles, installationsfoto: Jean-Baptiste Béranger.

The exhibition is organised by MACBA Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona, in collaboration with Index and Marabouparken konsthall, Stockholm, with the support of Institut Ramon Llull and the collaboration of Museu d’Art de Sabadell. Ajuntament de Sabadell. Curated by Teresa Grandas.

This project was supported by a grant from Acción Cultural Española (AC/E).